Waste Water Treatment Process

The Nature and Purpose of the Waste Water Treatment Process

The production of waste is an inevitable consequence of modern living and carries with it the need for various forms of treatment to process these materials in a fashion that will either render them suitable for re-use or to be safely disposed without harm to the environment. For such purposes, specialised plants are required and each will require the application of those technologies best suited to the specific material that is to be treated. While not all of the materials we use are readily recyclable, or even biodegradable, much progress has been made in the case of everyday materials such as glass, certain plastics, cardboard, paper, and metal cans. These practices are reducing the pressure on landfills and providing a source of reusable raw materials that is helping to slow the depletion of dwindling natural resources. However, although the amount of solid refuse we produce is fairly visible to most consumers, the vast volume of domestic and industrial waste water produced each day tends to pass almost unnoticed. Unnoticed, that is, except by those responsible for the various treatment processes to which it must be subjected.

Given the huge daily demand for this vital commodity, maintaining an adequate reserve is essential for the municipalities that are tasked with its distribution to the nation’s homes and businesses, as well as with ensuring its quality. Without the necessary infrastructure in place to first purify and later to reclaim as much of the used liquid as possible, the ability to continue maintaining sufficient reserve supplies could quickly become seriously compromised. That said, it is no longer the sole responsibility of municipalities and utility companies to safeguard those reserves. Instead, it is one that needs to be shared by everyone who relies upon this commodity to conduct their business or to maintain their homes and gardens and, even more importantly, to sustain their lives and those of their families. Whether simply attempting to reduce wastage and conserve supplies or actively engaging in methods to cleanse and reuse that previously used, every little helps.

For those wishing to pursue the latter option, in addition to simply collecting rainwater in barrels, there are now some affordable on-site installations able to collect waste water and subject it to a treatment process that results in a clear, odourless effluent suitable for re-use in a variety of common domestic tasks. On the home scene, the cleansed effluent can be safely used for jobs such as watering the lawn or cleaning windows, driveways, and cars and, bearing in mind that it has already been paid for, this means that consumers who install one of these systems will actually be enjoying double the bang for their buck.

On an industrial scale, larger installations can offer similar benefits to their users. One of the more important of these benefits is the assurance that the treated effluent meets the quality standards set for its safe discharge into the surrounding environment. Non-compliant companies can face heavy financial penalties. Alternatively, a manufacturing plant will often conduct certain processes in which the cleansed effluent may be suitable for re-use. This is an option that can prove to be not just eco-friendly and, as such, good for the company’s public image, but also one that can be highly cost-effective. Industry, however, often creates unique challenges. These are frequently the result of toxic or corrosive chemicals that find their way into the waste water streams and call for specialised treatment beyond that required to process normal domestic or commercial sources, while municipal plants rely heavily on physical and chemical action to produce clean effluents. Bio Sewage Systems is a company that focusses on the biological actions used by nature as the means to produce a purified effluent.

Offering plants with a processing capacity of between 2000 and 500 000 litres of black and greywater daily, Bio Sewage Systems makes use of aerobic and anaerobic oxidation reactions to arrive at a clear, odourless fluid, while their efficient installations require only the bare minimum of electrical energy to operate and very little in the way of maintenance. A boon to homeowners seeking some way to cut their monthly bills and to commercial operations such as shopping centres, mines, sports stadia, and tourist resorts, the technology behind Bio Sewage Systems’ waste water treatment process offers substantial benefits to owners and the environment.